ASTM stands for the ‘American Society for Testing and Materials’, which is a standards organisation. ASTM publishes technical standards in the area of materials and services. The original aim of the ASTM was to provide solutions for fractures in rail materials. This resulted in a standard for this steel quality. In the meantime, more than 12,000 ASTM standards have been published. In 2001, the name was changed to ASTM International because at that time, the organisation had members (among others, suppliers and government authorities) from approximately 100 countries.
Outside the United States, the ASTM standards are often applied on a voluntary basis and, just like the US government authorities have made the application of these standards a statutory obligation. In Europe, we are familiar with the ASTM standards primarily due to international American product suppliers and European suppliers that are obliged to meet the ASTM standards products supplied to the US.